TRANSFERRING

Check with the older person to see what help, if any, is needed. If assistance is needed, find out the person's strengths and weaknesses. Often one side of the body is stronger. The stronger side should be transferred first. When lifting, transferring, or carrying a physically restricted person, observe the following principles of body mechanics. Practicing them will help prevent possible strain or injury to your lower back, and will insure a safe lift for the person you are lifting.

I. LIFTING:

II. CARRYING:

III. LOWERING:

IV. TRANSFERRING:

Although some individuals who use a wheelchair have sufficient arm strength and coordination to transfer into and out of their chair by themselves, many will need assistance. Various types of transferring techniques can be used to move someone from one place to another when carrying is not necessary. The individual's weight and physical ability to help, as well as your own strength, are important factors in deciding which technique will be most appropriate. The individual will also be able to tell you more specifically what seems to work best from experience. Several transfer techniques will be given in detail at the end of this section.

V. WHEELCHAIRS:

VI. LIFTING AND MOVING(from bed to wheelchair):

VII. THE ONE-PATIENT TRANSFER:

VIII. THE TWO-PERSON TRANSFER:

IX. ACTIVE TRANSFERS:

The following transfers are performed by individuals who need little or no assistance. This type of transfer is known as an "active" transfer. The three commonly used active transfers for the aged and handicapped are the side, the walker, and the cane transfers. Procedures for these transfers are as follows:

Please remember that each individual situation is unique when applying these basic steps in transferring. Some situations will require other steps. The advice of an experienced person such as a nurse or physical therapist can be invaluable.

These are the basic safe steps for using a walker or cane. Depending upon the physical limitations of the individual, these steps should provide a safe transfer method. Be sure to check with the physically limited individual for other methods or adaptations which can also work.

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